Working Papers

Household Income and Spending in the United States During the 1918 Influenza Pandemic” (with Johan Fourie)

Geographic Inequality of COVID-19 in the United States


Fertility Following Natural Disasters and Epidemics in Africa,” World Bank Economic Review, 36(4), November 2022, 955-971

Using Intentions to Predict Fertility,” Journal of Demographic Economics, 88(3), September 2022, 257-282

Correlates and Consequences of the 1918 Influenza in South Africa” (with Daniel de Kadt, Johan Fourie, Jan Greyling, and Elie Murard), South African Journal of Economics, 89(2), June 2021, 173-195

Education and Employment following Apartheid Protests,” Explorations in Economic History, 77, July 2020, 101329

The Consequences of the 1959-61 Chinese Famine for Educational Attainment” (with Margaret J. Lay), The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, 20(2), April 2020

Family Planning and Fertility in South Africa under Apartheid,” European Review of Economic History, 23(3), August 2019, 365-395  | Blogged at African Economic History Network  |  Cited in Nature

Measuring Heterogeneity in Preferences over the Sex of Children,” Journal of Development Economics, 135, November 2018, 199-221  |  Blogged at The World Bank

Do Family Planning Programs Decrease Poverty? Evidence from Public Census Data” (with Martha J. Bailey and Olga Malkova), CESifo Economic Studies, 60(2), June 2014, 312-337  |  Blogged at London School of Economics  |  Cited in The Atlantic

The Young Adults in the Workplace Initiative: An Introduction” (with Deborah M. Galvin and William Schlenger), in Young Adults in the Workplace: A Multisite Initiative of Substance Use Prevention Programs, ed. Jeremy W. Bray, Deborah M. Galvin, and Laurie A. Cluff, RTI Press, March 2011, 1-13